Vertigo
A feeling of dizziness and unsteadiness is common with conditions such as vertigo.

What causes vertigo?

A feeling of dizziness and unsteadiness is common with conditions such as vertigo. However, unlike other movement disorders, vertigo isn’t necessarily just being lightheaded or woozy. In this case, the world around you will feel like it’s spinning, or that you yourself are moving or spinning while standing still.


Vertigo can be caused by:

  • some medications
  • diseases such as blood vessel disease, multiple sclerosis or tumors
  • migraines or head injuries
  • certain types of strokes
  • inflammation or pressure on certain nerves

The main spinning sensation symptom of vertigo can also cause nausea or vomiting. However, other symptoms may be present, such as:

  • inability to focus or double vision
  • hearing or balance loss
  • ringing in the ears
  • facial paralysis
  • slurred speech
  • general weakness

  • The cause of vertigo needs to be factored in when deciding if a trip to the emergency department is necessary. A health care provider may need to perform a few tests or prescribe medicines to treat the vertigo and its side effects.

    To prevent the vertigo from worsening, keep still and move slowly to avoid sudden movements. Avoid bright lights and sit down whenever the dizzy spells get bad.

    If the vertigo persists, you may need to call your doctor, especially if it’s interfering with your daily activities. If you have previously never had vertigo, or you also have a lot of the other symptoms listed above, call 911 to seek immediate medical assistance.


    This list is not inclusive of all possible medical emergencies. If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

    Sources:
    https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001432.htm
    https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dizziness/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371792

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